“Money is all” attitude and alienation from society. Alienation occurs in higher ranges when money is put into upmost importance and relation to materialism. A study shown that people were surveyed to see how Korea, U.S., and Sweden relate money with the “is all view” and alienation outcome. The study suggested Korea had recognized itself as this view and suggested that status defined success. The problem with such opinion is that we lose a sense of true happiness and well-being when we have the mindset leading to alienation.
Selfish preferences and social preferences and connection between self and other human beings. At first this seems like a good source. Looking more into the idea of moral hypocrisy and its relation with behavior and money does somewhat correlate with my inquiry. Moral hypocrisy being when someone else does the same wrong doing you have done but seeing one person worse/better than yourself. The rest of the article went in depth with economics and became very difficult with vocabulary such as Dictator Games and other forms. What I am interested is this idea of moral hypocrisy.
Moral hypocrisy research
moral hypocrisy and moral inconsistency
Hypocrisy at its simplest term is dishonesty and the term practice what you preach is not being practiced. Also one might not have believed what they were saying themselves at a time. The article focusses on explaining the history of hypocrisy way back from biblical times and I no longer see the correlation between moral hypocrisy and money. I leave this breadcrumb alone.
The mention of the Dictator Game was brought up again in this article and the correlation of this idea with European and African students. A dictator game is meant to test behavior of humans and their choices on power and fairness. The article went on to discuss how more economically stable people and places, US and European countries, are more likely to measure productivity. Poorer countries are less likely to reward productivity and this in turn result in a slow developing country economically. Americans and Europeans reward productivity and effort and might be the reason for us economically stable in comparison to an agriculturally based society like African countries.
“World Values Survey, the US General Social Survey and the European Social Survey indicate that, within developed market-driven societies, the poor favor redistribution while the rich do not.”
This statement can correlate to the idea of inquiry where there is income inequality between societies but not necessarily because of the circulation of money and government but within society’s behaviors and social norms.
Kindness and increase wages
Workers perform better when a surprised increased wage was enacted. Also workers were more likely to do more hours or volunteer work with the higher wage and found to be more honest. This is a prime example of how humans behave with money being the motive or tester. The surprising part was that this heightened sense of positive work only lasts temporarily and doesn’t persist after 1-3 hours of the wage increase. Multiple theories are hypothesized in relation to timing and wages. If a wage increase is done once and never again, workers only show kindness for a short period. If wage increase were done periodically, workers continue to show kindness up to last wage increase is performed. Workers also the sensation of receiving a gift, not just monetary, also triggers positive response with work. The first and second hypothesis suggest only a period of positive response by workers where it shortly ends because no more wages are increased. With a one-time wage increase the workers only show positive results right after and no time after that. With s two step increase workers are more likely to show positive results every time an increase happens, and with gifts the workers show a highly productive and less exaggerated performance of work than the other tests.
A test like this is helpful for me because it shows how money changes the attitudes of us making us feel better for just a short time and when continually earning things we are more likely to continue to feel and perform better but without it we don’t feel any burst of positive work ethic. This kind of human behavior can represent how money isn’t everything because we only short term feel better with a reward.
status seeking and socioeconomics
Conspicuous consumption; spending money or luxury seeking to show off economic power to public.
People often compare themselves to others to reassure one is well off. Studies done on comparison consumption where people rely on comparing their incomes to others to reassure one is doing fine or better. Consumption is the signal used to show off status so spending and showing off materials is the premise of status seeking. The article presents status seeking of other multiple socio economic domains and introduces conspicuous health
Conspicuous health; comparison of one’s health to others. As one person’s health deteriorates due to decline of social norm in relation with health, one is satisfied to know they’re better off with their own health.
“We explore the implications of a utility function that includes a role for relative health concerns in terms of equilibrium labor choices and optimal income taxation, where we find an increase in concerns for conspicuous health to reduce the rationale for higher marginal taxation.”
This quote could help me with inquiry in that it’s a prime example of behavior and its relation to status and how if an optimal income taxation were made the effects of social status and health play in with an established tax rate.
role of hierarchy and promoting selfishness
The relationship between seeking power and altruism.
Altruism; the belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others.
Experiments were done onto two groups using dictator and ultimatum games. One group used the surplus of fake money and distributed it evenly among members, this is an example of altruism. In a power setting, the other group distributed surplus by ranking, The person with highest rank got to decide the distribution of surplus. Conclusion was with hierarchal society there is less room for altruism and more room for selfish behavior.
It will be helpful to find more experiments done like this and when I did look into ore of it, I actually got the previous article http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00897/full to show up. I think I should go back and try to understand what all this article is saying because it might actually hold some significant information. Also I notice how dictator games keep showing up.
To find more experiment base articles will help solidify my inquiry with tested information with actual results instead of just hypothetical assuming information. The experiments help in researching social behaviors and relate it back to things like income inequality and society’s mindsets with money and the norms behind it.
What I found overall from researching was I was constantly digging deeper from one article to the next. Once I found a term from one article I found to be relevant, I went deeper into that term to find more information. The result of the digging was coming up with these final sites I found depicted my inquiry and beyond that. I just wanted to explain how out of probably looking at 20 sites that these were the ones that were relevant and this method of researching, although time consuming and frustrating, really does work in finding information I would’ve never thought to look up.